Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one the major ligaments in our knee. It is also one of the most common parts to be affected during a knee injury. Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL tears or sprain are common in the field of physically demanding sports like football, basketball, volleyball and so on.

acl injury

The anterior cruciate ligament is found within our knee joint, running diagonally across the middle of our knee. This ligament offers rotational as antero posterion stability to our knee. An injury to the ligament might lead to sudden and intense pain, swelling and inability to bear weight or instability

Symptoms of ACL Injury

ACL injuries are more likely to occur in sports. Here are some of the symptoms which normally accompany an ACL injury.

  • Feeling of give away - knee is not under control while walking

  • Inability to perform any activity due to intense pain

  • Swelling in the knee area,within hours of injury

  • Inhibited range of motion

  • Inability to bear weight or a general feeling of instability

Causes of ACL Injury

ACL helps in stabilising the knee joint and connects the shinbone or tibia with the thighbone (femur). Most of the injuries related to ACL are known to occur due to an increased stress on knee during fitness or sports activities. This can be during the following: -

  • An incorrect landing during a jump

  • A direct collision on knee or falling that puts strain on the knee

  • Pivoting while the foot is planted firmly on ground

  • Changing directions suddenly - Rotational

  • Stopping suddenly during a fast movement

Treatments for ACL Injuries

ACL injuries can be detected during a physical examination and confirmed with an MRI . The immediate treatment for it includes a protocol consisting of rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE).

The treatment plans for ACL injuries are mainly dependent on the extent and intensity of the injury which can be evident with the help of the above-mentioned diagnosis tests. Rehabilitation therapies are conducted to reduce the swelling and pain and to restore the range of motion in the joints.

ACL Reconstruction Surgery

An ACL reconstruction surgery is usually performed after 10 to 15 Days following the injury. The surgery involves the replacement of the damaged ligament with a graft. The surgery followed by rehabilitation therapy helps in restoring the full functionality of the ligaments.

Post op Rehabilitation –

Patient is made to walk on the same day of the survey.

Before pt gets discharged he or she trained to climb stairs and use of closet.