Diagnostic Procedures

Sports persons are most likely to get injured due to overuse, twisting etc. The treatment of these injuries specifically depends upon the appropriate testing and diagnosis. There are many tests that can be used to pin-point the cause of an injury and what recovery process is necessary. The main testing methods include:

  • Physical examination: First and foremost, physical examination is performed by the physician to evaluate the extent and location of injury. Patient is also asked about the cause and course of injury along with the major symptoms. This gives a fair idea to the physician about the injury and what next steps should be taken to diagnose and treat the injury appropriately.

  • X-rays: Almost in all cases of sports injury, X-ray is the first diagnostic test performed to look for any damage of the bones and joints. It can also reveal some other abnormalities.

  • CT scans: The next step is to get a CT scan done if x-ray does not clearly indicate the extent of injury.

  • Ultrasound: It is performed to evaluate the injuries of soft tissues etc.

  • MRI scans: MRI scans are more intense diagnostic procedure that can evaluate almost all the cases of the injury.

  • DEXA Scanning (Bone Density Scanning): DEXA scan is more performed in women to evaluate bone density as they are more prone to osteoporosis.

  • Electro-diagnostic Evaluation: These are done to diagnose pain, numbness or weakness involving the peripheral nervous system and muscles.