Hip Dysplasia refers to a hip that has either not developed properly or is wrongly shaped or hip socket is incorrectly positioned that cannot completely cover and support femoral head. All this can cause increased force and abnormal wear and tear of joint cartilage.
Characteristics of Dysplasia:
Cause: Congenital dislocation OR ill-fitted femoral head into the acetabulum OR degenerative changes.
Symptoms: Painful arthritis, hip pain, mild limp and limited flexibility of the hip joint.
Treatment: Hip arthroscopy is ideal for borderline or mild dysplasia cases. But it may best be performed with PAO in cases with more severe dysplasia.