A thorough physical examination of the patient along with a complete history of the injury is the first and foremost requirement to make the diagnosis of a fracture. In addition to this, the following tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis:
The fracture in which the broken ends of the bones are still aligned and have not shifted does not require surgery. They can be easily managed by a period of immobilization in a sling, medication for pain, and a series of stretches and exercises once the bones have started to heal.
Surgery is necessary in cases where bones do not remain aligned along the fracture. Surgery is performed to realign and stabilize the fracture fragments with a plate and screws or with pins.
It majorly depends upon the area where plates or pins are inserted. Patient may be able to feel the plate through skin where there is not a lot of fat like shoulder. But in fatty areas, patient may not be able to feel any plate or pin.
Yes. Rehabilitation is one of the most important parts to resume normal activities after a fracture has healed. It involves physical exercises to strengthen the muscles and prevent stiffness and weakness.
Healing of any fracture may take anything between 3-6 months. But every patient is advised to follow the instructions of the doctor and should not take on too much too soon. It may take one year for the patient to be able to perform his routine activities.