Hip Preservation

The hip is a ball and socket joint and bodys largest weight-bearing joint. The thigh bone (femur) and the pelvis (acetabulum) join at the joint and form the socket. It is covered by a smooth articular cartilage that cushions and enables smooth movements of the joint.

A variety of hip disorders can occur and cause hip pain as well as hip dysfunction due to changes in the shape or structure of the hip joint. Although there are variety of treatment options available for old patient but treatment options for the management of hip disorders in young patients have been limited. Hip preservation techniques have been found to be beneficial in these patients and also avoid the need of hip replacement.

Hip preservation options comprise of a multi-disciplines approach to understand, diagnose and treat a broad range of hip conditions that can occur at any stage of life.

Some of the common hip preservation surgical procedures include the following:

  • Peri-acetabular osteotomy

  • Proximal femoral osteotomy

  • Open hip debridement

  • Hip arthroscopy

  • Mini-arthrotomy

  • Cartilage restoration procedures

  • Micro fracture surgery

  • Drilling

  • Abrasion arthroplasty

  • Autologous chondrocyte implantation

Indications of Hip preservation surgeries

  • Debridement of loose bodies

  • Repair of torn labrum

  • Removal of bone spurs

  • Restoration and reconstruction of joint surfaces

  • Cartilage defects

  • Congenital problem with the shape of hip joint

  • Injury

  • Normal wear and tear

Advantages of Hip Preservation Procedures

  • Preserves hip

  • Restore hip function

  • Alleviate pain originating from the hip joint

  • Treats a variety of painful hip conditions

  • Patients are able to return to their normal activities

  • Increases the range of motion of the joint

  • Decreases joint stiffness

  • Can delay or prevent the onset of arthritis and other degenerative diseases in the joint

  • Stimulate the growth of new cartilage

  • Reduce the need for more extensive surgeries

  • The hip preservation procedures generally have shorter recovery period and patient can resume their regular activities very soon