Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy is surgery that can diagnose as well as treat certain problems of the knee joint. It is done through small incisions (Key Hole) in the knee joint and using an arthroscope (tiny camera) and other surgical tools. This allows the surgeon to view and investigate the inside of the knee joint on a screen. The surgeon can also correct the problem using small instruments.

Knee Arthroscopy

What are the Indications for Knee Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy may be recommended for following knee problems:

  • Torn or damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)

  • Torn or damaged collateral ligament

  • Swollen or damaged synovium of the joint

  • Broken cartilage in the knee joint

  • Repair of defect in cartilage

  • Fractures of the knee bones

Procedure of Knee Arthroscopy

The procedure is performed under spinal or general anesthesia with surgeon making 2 or 3 small incisions in the knee joint. A cuff-like device is also put around thigh to control bleeding during the procedure. Knee joint is inflated by pumping saline water into it. An arthroscope is inserted through one of the incisions to allow the surgeon see inside the knee on a monitor outside. Other surgical tools may also be inserted through other incisions depending upon the procedure. In the end, saline is drained out from knee and incisions are sutured and covered with dressing.

Advantages of Knee Arthroscopy
  • Improved and accurate diagnosis as well as repair of several knee problems

  • Limited risks to the procedure

  • Outlook is good for most of the patients

  • Comparatively less recovery time

  • Early return to daily activities

  • Less soft tissue damage than conventional surgery

  • Less postoperative swelling & risks

Warning signs for immediate visit to Orthopaedic surgeon

After knee arthroscopy, if any of the following signs appear, patient is advised to visit the surgeon immediately:

  • Fever & Chills

  • Persistent warmth or redness around the knee

  • Persistent or increased pain on the area

  • Significant swelling over the knee

  • Increasing pain in calf muscle