Shoulder Treatments

Shoulder joint can get injured in various athletic activities that involve extensive use of upper limb. Every abnormality of the shoulder joint should be assessed immediately as sometimes it becomes difficult to evaluate the severity of a shoulder injury and the structures damaged following sports injuries. Many a times a simple muscle strains can look very similar to more serious injuries and vice versa. Early assessment can help in proper treatment of the injury.

Causes of Shoulder injury

  • Contact sports, such as rugby and wrestling

  • Explosive heavy weight-lifting

  • Crashes and falls from heights

  • Trauma

  • Direct blows to the shoulder

  • Throwing or pulling

  • Excessive and repetitive overhead motion

Types of Shoulder injury

  • Biceps Tendon Tear at the Shoulder

  • Chronic Shoulder Instability

  • Dislocated Shoulder

  • Shoulder Impingement

  • Rotator Cuff Injury/Tendinitis

  • Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries

  • Labral tears

  • Thrower’s shoulder

  • Bursitis

  • Fractures

Symptoms of Shoulder injury

  • Long-term pain

  • Weakness of the shoulder

  • Swelling and stiffness around the joint

  • Pain increases on certain activities

  • Clicking sensation

  • Pain extending to the whole limb or back

Treatment of Shoulder Injury

Depending upon the cause and severity of injury, physician may prescribe following treatment to the patient:

Nonsurgical Treatment

  • Rest to the shoulder by restricting all sports and other activities

  • Wearing an immobilizing sling to restrict the movement of shoulder

  • Physical therapy including specific exercises & rehabilitation program to restore flexibility and strength of the upper limb

  • Anti-inflammatory medications include drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen to reduce pain and swelling of the shoulder

  • Cortisone injection to reduce pain & inflammation

Surgical Treatment

In cases where all the above non-surgical treatment options fail to provide any relief to the patient, surgery is performed to fix the abnormality and restore the shoulder functionality.