Hip replacement surgery is performed in cases of severe damage of the hip joint and involves replacement of the degenerated components of the hip joint with a synthetic implant to renew stability and function. This is done to repair the damaged part of hip joint that is the main source of pain and disability for the patient.
As in almost all the cases of joint replacement, the main reason for hip joint replacement too is to relieve severe pain that is limiting the daily activities of the patient. Surgeon recommends hip joint replacement in following conditions:
The procedure of hip replacement is performed under general or regional anaesthesia and involves removal of the degenerated cartilage and bone from the hip joint and its replacement with prosthetics. Either the hip socket (acetabulum) or upper end of the thigh bone (femoral bone) or both may be replaced during surgery.
The parts of new hip joint include the following:
Types of joint replacement depending upon prosthesis
Hip joint replacement is a highly successful surgery that offers excellent results and takes away most of the pain and stiffness of the joint. In cases of younger patients, replaced joint may loosen or wear & tear with time. This can happen after as long as 15 – 20 years and may need a second replacement.
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