Although total knee replacement is one of the most successful procedures that gives a pain-free and active lifestyle to the patient, but sometimes the procedure may fail due to a variety of reasons like implant wear and loosening. Failure of total knee replacement procedure may lead to pain, stiffness, instability and swelling of the new joint making it difficult for the patient to perform their everyday activities. In such cases, the surgeon generally recommends a second surgery or revision total replacement surgery to remove some or all of the parts of the original prosthesis and replace them with new ones.
Although both the procedures have the same goal of pain relief and improved the functioning of the joint but still both the procedures are different. The revision surgery is generally a longer and more complex procedure that requires extensive planning, and specialized tools and implants with longer, thicker stems that fit deeper inside the bone for extra support tools to achieve a good result. Revision surgery is of following types: