Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that an orthopaedic surgeon performs to inspect, diagnose, and repair problems inside a joint. When this procedure is performed on shoulder joint, it is called shoulder arthroscopy.
Shoulder arthroscopy is usually recommended in following painful conditions that does not respond to nonsurgical treatment:
Shoulder arthroscopy is performed under general anaesthesia through small incisions using a tiny camera called an arthroscope to examine or repair the tissues inside or around the shoulder joint. Arthroscope is connected to a video monitor in the operating room to display inside view of the joint on a television screen. Surgeon can now inspect tissues of shoulder joint including cartilage, bones, tendons, and ligaments. In cases where repair is required that can be performed arthroscopically, surgeon makes another 1-3 small incisions to insert other instruments. Finally after the damage is repaired, incisions are closed with sutures or tape.
Most of the patients do not experience any complications after shoulder arthroscopy. But minor complications that can occur after any surgery can occur and they are quite manageable. It may include: