Total knee replacement surgery is one of the most successful procedures performed worldwide. It involves the replacement of the diseased or damaged knee joint with an artificial material called prosthesis. Mahi Clinic provides knee replacement in Chennai with the best knee replacement specialist and knee replacement surgeon for severe knee pain treatment for all ages in Tamil Nadu, India.
The procedure is performed by an orthopaedic surgeon under general or regional anesthesia. It involves the removal of the end of the femur bone and its replacement with a metal shell. The end of the bone of the lower leg i.e. tibia is removed and replaced with a channeled plastic piece with a metal stem. In addition to the replacement of parts of bones of the upper and lower leg, depending on the condition of the kneecap portion of the knee joint, a plastic “button” may also be added under the kneecap surface. The posterior cruciate ligament is either retained, sacrificed, or substituted by a polyethylene post.
The procedure itself takes approximately 1 to 2 hours.
Total knee replacement surgery can be performed on single or both knee joints depending upon the damage of the joints and patient’s age and overall health. The procedure for a single joint replacement remains the same while bilateral can be performed in the following ways:
Although most of the patients experience a remarkable decrease in the pain and increased the mobility of the knee joint, still some risks and complications may occur after total knee replacement. To have an improved quality of life after surgery, the patient should religiously follow the instructions and perform rehabilitation exercises as advised by the surgeon and physical therapist. In case of any unusual symptoms, the patient should immediately report to their physician.