Cause of Unhealed Fracture:
Inadequate stability, blood flow, or both to the fractured bone OR bone breakage from a high-energy injury may not heal properly
Risk Factors of non-union:
Older age, smoking, tobacco addiction, diabetes, low vitamin D, poor nutrition, hypothyroidism, certain medication, infection and open or compound fractures.
Symptoms of Unhealed Fracture:
Long term pain that continues to occur months or years after the fracture. This pain can be constant or occurs only when the broken arm or leg is used.
Treatment of Unhealed Fracture:
Some non-united fractures can be managed by non-surgical options like bone stimulator that delivers ultrasonic or pulsed electromagnetic waves that stimulate healing. But for other unhealed fractures or in cases when non-surgical options fail, surgical treatment like bone graft or bone graft substitute is performed.
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