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Arthritis / Osteoarthritis

Arthritis is a very common condition yet not well understood. Arthritis refers to joint pain or joint disease. It can occur irrespective of age, although women and older people are more susceptible to this disease. More than 50 million and 3 lakh children all over the world suffer from this disease.

The term “arthritis” means inflammation of the joint. It is a broad term that is used to describe rheumatic diseases and conditions that affect joints and tissues that surround the joint. It may affect Knee, Hip, Wrist, Elbow, Ankle or Shoulder joint. Mahi clinic provides arthritis treatment and severe joint pain treatment with an expert orthopedic doctor in Chennai, Tamilnadu.

FACT: It is a common misconception that Arthritis is one particular disease, but in reality, there are more than 100 different types of arthritis conditions.

Some of the most common symptoms of Arthritis are:

  • Symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly
  • Symptoms may come and go, or persist over time
  • Commonly affect adults aged 55 years or older, but can occur at any age. Women are more prone to arthritis than men
  • It is possible to have more than one form of arthritis at the same time
  • Impacts daily as well as work-related activities
  • Most common cause of disability (18%) & depression (18.1%)
  • Some forms of arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, can affect multiple organs and cause widespread symptoms
Types of Arthritis

Although there are more different types of arthritis but they can be mainly split into following groups:

  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • Degenerative or mechanical arthritis
  • Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain
  • Back pain
  • Connective tissue disease
  • Infectious arthritis
  • Metabolic arthritis
Risk factors for Arthritis

There are certain factors that have been greatly associated with a greater risk of arthritis. These include:

  • Age: Increasing age increases the risk
  • Sex: 60% of arthritis patients are female except for gout which is more common in males than females
  • Genetic: Certain types of arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and ankylosing spondylitis have a genetic tendency and certain genes are associated with a higher risk of arthritis
  • Hypertension & high cholesterol
  • Being overweight and obesity
  • Joint injuries causing joint damage
  • Infection in joints
  • An occupation that requires repetitive knee bending and squatting
  • Physical inactivity
  • Excessive smoking
  • Higher BMI
  • Abnormal metabolism

Although in most of the cases, arthritis is basically caused due to combination of these factors working together, but some arthritis conditions have no obvious cause and appear to be unpredictable in their emergence.

  • Joint Pain: Pain in the affected joint is the cardinal sign of arthritis. Pain can be constant, or intermittent that might be isolated to one place or felt in many parts of the body.
  • Swelling: Arthritis term means inflammation of joint so swelling is also almost always found over the affected joint. In addition to the swelling, redness, warmth and tenderness are also found in some types of arthritis.
  • Stiffness: Another typical symptom of arthritis is increased stiffness that may occur on different timing. Some forms are associated with increased stiffness upon waking up in the morning, or after sitting at a desk or after sitting in a car for a long time, and others result in stiffness after exercise.
  • Difficulty moving a joint: In most of the cases of arthritis, it becomes difficult for the patient to randomly move the affected joint or suddenly get up from the chair.
How to diagnose Arthritis?

Diagnosis of arthritis requires a detailed medical and family history along with physical examination of the patient. Consult your primary care physician and undergo the necessary investigations to identify the type of arthritis. Your specialist doctor will help with this regard to what your next step should be and how the disease can be treated- by medication, by physiotherapy or by surgery.

  • X-ray of the joint
  • Standing Scannogram
  • MRI
  • Rheumatoid factor
  • Anti-CCP antibody
  • Uric acid